Scialla, M.A., Canter, K.S., Chen, F.F., Kolb, E.A., Sandler, E., Wiener, L., & Kazak, A.E.
Background: Fifteen evidence-based Standards for Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families (Standards) were published in 2015.1 The Standards cover a broad range of topics and circumstances and require qualiﬁed multidisciplinary staff to be implemented. This paper presents data on the availability of psychosocial staff and existing practices at pediatric oncology programs in the United States, providing data that can be used to advocate for expanded services and prepare for implementation of the Standards.
Procedure: Up to three healthcare professionals from 144 programs (72% response rate) par-ticipated in an online survey conducted June–December 2016. There were 99 pediatric oncolo-gists with clinical leadership responsibility (Medical Director/Clinical Director), 132 psychosocial leaders in pediatric oncology (Director of Psychosocial Services/Manager/most senior staff member), and 58 administrators in pediatric oncology (Administrative Director/Business Administrator/Director of Operations). The primary outcomes were number and type of psychosocial staff, psychosocial practices, and identiﬁed challenges in the delivery of psychosocial care.
Results: Over 90% of programs have social workers and child life specialists who provide care to children with cancer and their families. Fewer programs have psychologists (60%), neuropsychologists (31%), or psychiatrists (19%). Challenges in psychosocial care are primarily based on prag-matic issues related to funding and reimbursement.
Conclusion: Most participating pediatric oncology programs appear to have at least the basic level of stafﬁng necessary to implement of some of the Standards. However, the lack of a more comprehensive multidisciplinary team is a likely barrier in the implementation of the full set of Standards.